Perioperative Νursing Care: Based on a Theoretical Model

Abstract: Nursing theories and conceptual models have clearly contributed to the establishing and organization of the nursing knowledge, identifying and driving at the same time the clinical practice. The purpose of this article is to present a theoretical model for the provision of perioperative nursing care and to describe its conceptual elements, as well as their relationship and interaction. The "Perioperative Patient Focused Model" developed by the Association of perioperative Registered Nurse and constitutes the theoretical framework for the planning and implementation of the nursing care for patients undergoing surgery or other invasive procedures. It is patient centered addressing needs in three core domains of the perioperative practice: safety, physiological responses and behavioral responses to the surgical experience. Determining desired outcomes and planning appropriate nursing interventions to prevent hazards caused to the surgical procedures or the clinical environment within these domains, are placed at the heart of this theoretical model. The health system is also a prerequisite domain for the provision of the nursing care and is a key component of the perioperative practice according to the current framework. The «Perioperative Patient Focused Model» consists of the theoretical framework for defining, implementation and documentation of the provided nursing care during the perioperative period and is based on the nursing process. It is considered as a medium range theory with applicability in clinical practice as well as in nursing research, contributing to the development and promotion of the scientific knowledge. The integration of this model into the educational process will contribute to the acquisition of appropriate skills and competences so as nurses meet the challenges of a modern clinical environment and the conditions for an improving in the quality of the provided perioperative nursing care will be established.

Category: Volume 59, N 4
Hits: 422 Hits
Created Date: 11-02-2021
Authors: Petros Kolovos