Disaster Preparedness among Physicians and Nurses: Inferential Statistical Analysis of 2010 Decade Data

Introduction: In the decades 1990  and 2000, more than three million deaths of people have occurred worldwide  because of disasters. Considering the ongoing increase of various threats, the likelihood of happening disas- trous events is constantly increasing. Today’s societies  are depended on the hospitals and require from them to be able to respond efficiently and effectively to a potential crisis.

Aim: The aim of this study was the exploration of physicians’and nurses’disaster preparedness inferentially analyzing 2010 decade data.

Material and Method: A cross-sectional research was conducted from February 2012 to April 2013. Three hundred and sixty-four physicians and nurses participated. A disaster preparedness questionnaire was used. Univariate  and multivariate  logistic  regression analysis for the sociodemographic characteristics’ parameters and their relation to the dependent variable of disaster preparedness perception were performed.

Results: Sixty one percent of the responders perceived themselves as “To- tally unprepared”and“Somewhat unprepared”for disasters. The univariate logistic regression analysis was significant (P≤0.05) for the married status (reference category: single)  (OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.20–2.93, P=0.006), for the having children status (reference category: no) (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.05–2.54, P=0.029), the “11–15” years of work experience (reference category: “1–5” years of work experience) (OR 2.81, 95% CI 1.14–6.92, P=0.025), the having postgraduate degree status  (reference category: undergraduate degree) (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.01–2.65,  P=0.044), the being a nurse  status  (reference category: physician) (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.15–3.92, P=0.016), the“Attendance of Disaster Nursing/Medicine program/course”status (reference category: interested to attend) (OR 8.42, 95% CI 3.04–23.38, P<0.001) and for the par- ticipation in any disaster  management activity at workplace status (refer- ence category: no) (OR 3.33, 95% CI 1.70–6.50, P<0.001). In relation to the sociodemographic characteristics’ multivariate logistic regression analysis, only the“Attendance of Disaster Nursing/Medicine program/course” status was significant (OR 16.71, 95% CI 3.36–83.06, P=0.001). Conclusions In the present research, it was detected that a high percentage of the Greek phy- sicians and nurses (61.0%) perceived their self as unprepared for disasters. Moreover, in the current study, it was found that the Disaster Nursing/Medi- cine program/course attendance is a strong positive determining factor of disaster preparedness perception. For enhancing physicians’ and nurses’ disaster preparedness, attention to its pre-service and in-service education should be given, by providing evidence-based disaster preparedness edu- cational interventions.  Additionally, the disaster preparedness education research should be continued for yielding even more effective relevant educational interventions than the current ones.