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Aim: The present study aimed to investigate if the Fagerstrom test correlates with the presence of coronary artery disease in patients who were smoking and its impact on smoking cessation after 3 months followup. MATERIAL-Method: 61 male patients who were smoking and referred for coronary angiography were studied in Cardiology Department of University Hospital of Ioannina. All of the eligible patients completed the Fagerstrom test. Patients were separated in 3 groups according to the nicotine dependence rate (team A: with score from 1 to 4, team B: with score from 5 to 7 and team C: with score >7). Patients were followedup three months after the hospital discharge. Patients who stopped smoking filled out again the Fagerstrom test. Results: There were no significant difference between clinical characteristics between patients who stopped or not smoking. Fifty seven percentages of patients had positive coronary angiography results independently of the nicotine dependence rate. Moreover, we found that patients who had high nicotine dependence rate (team C) showed higher smoking cessation rate (65%). The mean number of cigarettes was different among the three nicotine dependence groups (P<0.001). Conclusions: The nicotine dependence rate is not an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease and has an important impact on the effectiveness of a smoking cessation program.
|Category:||Volume 45, N 2|
|Authors:||Dimitris Tziallas , Catherine K. Kastanioti , Anastasia Alevizatou , Afroditi Katsaraki , Petros Skapinakis|